Journal of Business & Economic Policy

ISSN 2375-0766 (Print), 2375-0774 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/jbep

The Gender Wage Gap in Africa: Theoretical and Empirical Evidence
Manga Engama

This study measures the gender wage gap in Africa in order to determine if there is a homogeneous treatment of women in their different jobs. We also perform a theoretical and empirical review and briefly present the results of studies carried out in Africa. The analysis of the gender wage gap is necessary to identify discrimination mechanisms and shows that although women have the same training as trained as men, they remain discriminated against as regards wages. The econometric analyses in this study conclude in line with estimates carried out in Cameroon that the women earn lower wages relative to men, showing that they are victims of considerable wage discrimination. However, although wage gaps are identified in all African sub-regions, they are highest in North Africa. Also, studies performed in this part of the continent reveal a glass ceiling effect. The gender wage gap is therefore heterogeneous in the African job market.

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