Journal of Business & Economic Policy

ISSN 2375-0766 (Print), 2375-0774 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/jbep

Sustainable Development Indicators in Kazakhstan: Problems of Theory, Methodology and Practice
OrynkanovaZhanar, Prof. Sung-Kyu Lee

To assess the progress of civilization as a whole, the region, the country and its administrative units to sustainability or, conversely, its loss need quantitative characteristics, specially constructed indicators, which called indicators of sustainable development. These indicators are important not in themselves, but as a tool for achieving sustainable development goals and correcting this development. It is too early to talk about the completeness of the set of indicators of sustainable development, nor about the sufficient accuracy of their calculation. The article deals with theoretical, methodological and practical aspects of measuring sustainable development. Based on the analysis, four approaches to indicators of sustainable development are used. International ratings and indicators of sustainable development reflecting the situation of Kazakhstan are considered. Kazakhstan is significantly behind the developed countries in most indicators, especially in indicators that reveal the ecological state of the country. The analysis of Kazakhstan’s position in the international rankings revealed a number of methodological factors that affect its position and at the same time not always provide an objective description of the environmental situation. Based on the assessment, we summarized the strengths and weaknesses of the environmental development in Kazakhstan.

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